Curriculum Vitae



Michael Lawrence Hughes



Department of History                                     

Wake Forest University                                   

Winston-Salem, NC 27109-7806                    

(336) 758-5557



Educational Background

     Ph.D.  University of California, Berkeley (Late Modern European History)

     M.A.  University of California, Berkeley (Late Modern European History)

     B.A.   Claremont McKenna College (History and Political Science)



Professional Positions

Wake Forest University

     Chair, Dept. of History, July 1999-June 2003

     Assistant/Associate/Full Professor (Europe and the World in the Modern Era; Western Civilization in its Mediterranean Context, 3500 BCE-1530 CE; Germany, 1500-1871; Germany, Unification to Unification; Weimar Germany; German Culture Clash, 1890-1937; Fin-de-Siècle Vienna; Who Am I?  National and Social Identity in East Central Europe, 1618-1992; European Economic and Social History since 1750; Methodological Foundations of Historical Inquiry; European Social and Political History, 1848-1973; Modes of Historical Representation), August 1984-Present


Stanford University

     Visiting Assistant Professor (Impact of War on European Societies), June-August 1984


University of California, Berkeley

     Research Fellow, Institute of International Studies, September 1983-May 1984


Iowa State University

     Temporary Assistant Professor (Rise of the West; Western Civilization since 1648; Europe, 1890 to 1931; Europe since 1931; Modern Military History), August 1982-May 1983





Fellowships and Honors


     Archie Fund Grant, May-June 2004

     Reynolds Research Leave, July 1995-June 1996

     German Academic Exchange Service Study Visit Grant, August-September 1995

     American Philosophical Society, Travel Grant, August-September, 1995

     RECREAC Grant, August-September 1995

     Pew/Spires Summer Grant, Summer 1994

     Z. Smith Reynolds Foundation Summer Stipend, Summer 1991

     Reynolds Research Leave, January-May 1989

     German Academic Exchange Service Study Visit Grant, January-March 1989

     Archie Fund Grant, January-March 1989

     Volkswagen Foundation Post-Doctoral Grant, June 1981-Dec. 1981/April-Sept. 1982

     Volkswagen Foundation Grant, January 1979-December 1980

     German Academic Exchange Service Fellowship, August 1977-December 1978






     Shouldering the Burdens of Defeat.  West Germany and the Reconstruction of Social

 Justice.  Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1999

     Paying for the German Inflation.  Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina

Press, 1988



     “’The knife in the hands of the children’?  Debating the Political Mass Strike and

Political Citizenship in Imperial Germany,”  Labor History (forthcoming in Feb.


     “Splendid Demonstrations: The Political Funerals of Kaiser Wilhelm I and Wilhelm

Liebknecht,” Central European History 41:2 (June 2008), pp 229-253

     “Selective Remembering, Selective Generosity: Restitution and Reconciliation in

            West Germany,” Proceedings of the American Historical Association, 2004

     “Mastering War’s Material Consequences in West Germany.  The Conceptual

Background to the Lastenausgleich.”  In Paul Erker (ed.), Rechnung für Hitlers

Krieg.  Aspekte und Probleme des Lastenausgleichs. Heidelberg: Verlag

Regionalkultur, 2004

     “Just Deserts:  Virtue, Agency, and Property in Mid-Twentieth-Century Germany.”  In

Manfred Berg and Martin H. Geyer (eds.), Two Cultures of Right.  The Quest for

Inclusion and Participation in Modern America and Germany.  Cambridge:

Cambridge University Press, 2002

     “Entitled to Recompense?  Redistributing War’s Burdens in (West) Germany,” Center

for German and European Studies, Working Paper Series, Occasional Paper, July


     “’Through No Fault of Our Own.’  West Germans Remember Their War Losses.”

            German History, 18:2 (2000), pp. 193-213

     “Hard Heads, Soft Money?  West German Ambivalence about Currency Reform,

1944-1948.”  German Studies Review XXI:2 (May 1998), pp. 309-27

     “Restitution and Democracy in Germany after Two World Wars.” Contemporary

European History 4:1 (March 1995), pp. 1-18

     “Wer bezahlt die Rechnung? Die Kosten der Regimewechsel im Deutschland des 20.

Jahrhunderts.”  Geschichte in Wissenschaft und Unterricht 43:9 (Sept. 1992),

pp. 538-52

     “Lastenausgleich unter Sozialismusverdacht.  Amerikanische Besorgnisse 1945-

1949.”  Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte 39:1 (Jan. 1991), pp. 37-53

     “Private Equity, Social Inequity: German Judges React to Inflation, 1914-1924.”

 Central European History 16:1 (Mar. 1983), pp. 76-94

     “Economic Interest, Social Attitudes, Creditor Ideology: Popular Responses to

Inflation.”  In G. Feldman et al. (eds.)  Die deutsche Inflation.  Berlin, 1982



Book Reviews

      Robb, David (ed.). Protest Song in East and West Germany since the 1960s. H-

German. July 2008

      Gerd-Rainer Horn. The Spirit of ’68.  Rebellion in Western Europe and North

            America, 1956-1976.  H-German, January 2008

      Niels Beckenbach, ed. Wege zur Bürgergesellschaft: Gewalt und Zivilisation in

 Deutschland Mitte des 20. Jahrhunderts.  H-German, June 2007 (url.:

     Jeremy Varon.  Bringing the War Home.  The Weather Underground, the Red Army

Faction, and Revolutionary Violence in the Sixties and Seventies.  Central

European History.  Vol. 38, No. 4 (2005)

     Nick Thomas.  Protest Movements in 1960s West Germany.  H-Ger.  (url:


     Gary Bruce, Resistance with the People and Ulrich Mählert, Der 17. Juni 1953. 

            Journal of Modern History 77:2 (June 2005)

     Alfred Mierzejewski.  Ludwig Erhard.  A Biography.  American Historical Review,

110:2 (Apr. 2005)

     Dierk Hoffman et al. (eds.).  Vertriebene in Deutschland.  Interdisziplinäre Ergebnisse

und Forschungsperspektiven.  Journal of Social History 36:3 (Spring 2003)

     Breyman, Steve.  Why Movements Matter.  The West German Peace Movement and

U.S. Arms Control Policy.  German Studies Review, XXV:2 (May 2002)

     Edmund Clingan.  Finance from Kaiser to Führer.  Budget Politics in Germany, 1912-

1934. EH.NET ( (8/2001); cross-posted to H-SOZ-U-KULT

(H-SOZ-U-KULT@H-NET.MSU.EDU)  (9/2001)

     Mark Harrison (ed.).  The Economics of World War II.  Six Great Powers in

International Comparison.  American Historical Review 104:2 (April 1999)

     Ruud Koopmans.  Democracy from Below: New Social Movements and the Political

System in West Germany.  German Studies Review XX:2 (May 1997)

     Niall Ferguson.  Paper and Iron.  Hamburg Business and German Politics in the Era

of Inflation, 1897-1927.  American Historical Review 102:2 (Apr. 1997)

     A.J. Nicholls.  Freedom with Responsibility: The Social Market Economy in

Germany, 1918-1963. Journal of Social History, 29:1 (Fall 1995)

     Theo Balderston.  The Origins and Course of the German Economic Crisis,

1923-1932.  Journal of Modern History 67:2 (June 1995)

     W.R. Smyser.  The German Economy.  Colossus at the Crossroads.  German Studies

Review XVIII:2 (May 1995)

     Jörg Fisch.  Reparationen nach dem zweiten Weltkrieg.  American Historical Review

99:1 (Feb. 1994)

     Constantin Goschler.  Wiedergutmachung.  Westdeutschland und die Verfolgten des

Nationalsozialismus (1945-1954).  American Historical Review  98:2 (June 1993)

     Hans Pohl (ed.).  Überlebenschancen von Unternehmensgründungen.  Business

History Review 67:1 (Spring 1993)

     Hartmut Kaeble (ed.).  Der Boom, 1948-1973.  Journal of Social History 27:2

(Winter 1993)

     Ann Deighton.  The Impossible Peace and Ian D. Turner (ed.).  Reconstruction in

Post-War Germany. Journal of Modern History 65:3 (Sept. 1993)

     Edward Peterson.  The Many Faces of Defeat.  Journal of Social History 27:1 (Fall


     W. R. Lee and Eva Rosenhaft (eds.).  The State and Social Change in Germany,

1880-1980.  Journal of Social History  24:3 (Spring 1991)

     Hans Pohl (ed.).  Die Bedeutung der Kommunikation für Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft. 

Business History Review 65:1 (Spring 1991)

     Peter Merkl (ed.).  The Federal Republic of Germany at Forty.  German Studies

Review  XIV:2 (May 1991)

     Arthur Smith.  Hitler's Gold.  American Historical Review  96:2 (April 1991)

     John Gimbel.  Science, Technology, and Reparations. German Studies     Review

XII:3 (Oct. 1990)

     Steven Webb.  Hyperinflation and Stabilization in the Weimar Republic.  Journal

of Economic History 50:2 (June 1990)

     Willi Boelcke.  Der Schwarz-Markt, 1945-1948.  Journal of Social History  23:1

(Fall 1989)

     Hans Schötz.  Die deutsche Währungsstabilisierung unter dem Einfluss der nationalen

Interessen.  Journal of Economic History  48:4 (Dec. 1988)

     Reinhold Schillinger.  Der Entscheidungsprozess beim Lastenausgleich, 1945-1952. 

German Studies Review  XI:2 (May 1988)

     Alexander Drexler.  Planwirtschaft in Westdeutschland. German Studies Review 

X:3 (Oct. 1987)

     Thomas Childers.  The Nazi Voter.  Journal of Social History.  19:1 (Fall 1985)




      “The Dictators’ May Day. Celebrating the ‘Workers’ Holiday’ in Nazi Germany and

Communist East Germany,” Social Science History Association meeting,

Minneapolis, Nov. 5, 2006

      Political Citizenship, Civil Society, and the Political Mass Strike in the Kaiserreich,”

            German Studies Association, Pittsburgh, Sept. 30, 2006

      “Funerals in Berlin.  Political Funerals as Public Demonstration in Imperial

Germany,” European Social Science History Conference, Berlin, 26 Mar. 2004

      “Selective Remembering, Selective Generosity: Restitution and Reconciliation in

            West Germany,” American Historical Association, Washington, D.C., 10 Jan.


      Panelist, “How Valid are Comparisons?  The American Occupation of Germany

Revisited.”  German Historical Institute, Washington, Nov. 4, 2003

      “Funerals as Political Theater.  Interring Kaiser Wilhelm I and Wilhelm Liebknecht.”

            German Studies Association Conference, Sept. 20, 2003

      “Der Lastenausgleich als deutsches Modell der Kriegsfolgebewältigung?”  Invited Presentation.  Der Lastenausgleich.  Aspekte und Probleme der historischen Entwicklung seit 1949, 3. Pforzheimer Gespräche zur Sozial-, Wirtschafts- und Stadtgeschichte.  19./20. September 2002

     “Who Should Pay?  Redistributing War’s Burdens in (West) Germany.”  Invited

lecture.  Institute for European Studies, University of California, Berkeley, March

6, 2000

     “Just Deserts.  Virtue, Agency, and Property in Mid-Twentieth-Century Germany.” 

            German Historical Institute, Washington, DC, June 1997

     “(Un)equal Entitlements.”  Wake Forest Univ. Social Science Research

            Colloquium, Winston-Salem, NC, Feb. 1997

     “Hard Heads, Soft Money.  Neoliberal Ambivalence about Currency Reform in

West Germany, 1944-1948.”  Wake Forest Univ. Economics Dept., Oct. 1996

     “Victims without Victimizers:  Innocence and Blame in the Lastenausgleich.” 

German Studies Association Conference, Chicago, Sept. 1995

     “The Moral Economy of Small Propertyholders in Mid-20th-Century Germany.” 

Southwest Historical Association Conference, Dallas, TX, Mar. 1995

     “Political Culture and Democracy in Postwar Germany. The Case of the

Lastenausgleich.”  German Studies Association Conference, Minneapolis,

MN, Oct. 1992

     “Who Foots the Bill?  Paying for Regime Changes in 20th-Century Germany.” 

Research Triangle Economic History Colloquium Research        Triangle Park, NC,

Oct. 1990

     “'A New German Socialism'?  The Lastenausgleich and American Anxieties.” 

Wake Forest Univ. Social Science Research Colloquium, Winston-Salem,

NC, May 1989

     “German Judges and Contract and Debt Law in the 1920s.”  University of

            Wisconsin Summer Colloquium on Law and Society, Madison, WI,

            July 1983

     “Inferring the Motives of German Judges in the 1920s.”  Law and Society

            Association Conference, Denver, CO, June 1983

     “Creditor Responses to Inflation.”  Conference on Inflation and Reconstruction

in Germany and Europe 1914 to 1929, Historische Kommission zu Berlin,

August 1980



Professional Societies


     American Historical Association

     German Studies Association

     American Association of University Professors



      German (fluent)

      French (reading)