3Last Updated: Monday, 09-Feb-2015 00:05:20 EST
Asen, R. (2012). Lyndon Baines Johnson and George W. Bush on education reform: Ascribing agency and responsibility through key policy terms. Rhetoric & Public Affairs, 15,289-318.
Bailey, D. C. (2008). Enacting transformation: George W. Bush and the Pauline converstion narrative in A Charge to Keep. Rhetoric & Public Affairs, 11, 215-242.
Benoit, W. L. (2006). President Bush's image repair effort on Meet the Press: The complexities of defeasibility. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 34, 285-306.
Benoit, W. L., & Brazeal, L. M. (2002). A functional analysis of the 1988 Bush-Dukakis presidential debates. The Journal of the American Forensic Association: Argumentation and Advocacy, 38, 219-233.
Birdsell, D. S. (2007). George W. Bush’s signing statements: The assault on deliberation. Rhetoric & Public Affairs, 10, 335-360.
Bligh, M. C., Kohles, J. C., & Meindl, J. R. (2004). Charisma under crisis: Presidential leadership, rhetoric, and media responses before and after the September 11th terrorist attacks, , Leadership Quarterly,
Bostdorff, D. M. (2003). George W. Bush's post-September 111 rhetoric of coveant renewal: Upholding the faith of the greatest generation. Quarterly Journal of Speeech, 89, 293-319.
Brown, R. E. (2005). Acting presidential: The dramaturgy of Bush versus Kerry. American Behavioral Scientist, 49, 78-91.
Cienki, A. J. (2004). Bush’s and Gore’s language and gestures in the 2000 US presidential debates: A test case for two models of metaphors. Journal of Language & Politics, 3, 409-440.
Coe, K., & Domke, D. (2006). Petitioners or prophets?: Presidential discourse, God, and the ascendancy of religious conservatives. Journal of Communication. 56, 309-330.
Crockett, D. A. (2003). George W. Bush and the unrhetorical rhetorical presidency. Rhetoric and Public Affairs, 6, 465-486.
Downs, V. C., Kaid, L. L., & Ragan, S. (1990). The impact of argumentativeness and verbal aggression on communicator image: The exchange between George Bush and Dan Rather. Western Journal of Speech Communication, 54, 98-112.
Durham, F. (2006). Exposed by Katrina: the gulf between the president and the press. Critical studies in media Communication, 23, 81-84.
Eubanks, P., & Schaeffer, J. D.(2004). A dialogue between traditional and cognitive rhetoric: Readings of figuration in George W. Bush's 'Axis of Evil' address. Rhetoric Society Quarterly; 34, 53-70.
Fahey, A. C. (2007). French and feminine: Hegemonic masculinity and the emasculation of John Kerry in the 2004 presidential Race. Critical Studies in Media Communication, 24, 132-150.
Fan, D. P. (1996). Predictions of the Bush-Clinton-Perot presidential race from the press. Political Analysis, 6, 67-105.
Ferguson, M. L. (2005). “W” stands for women: Feminism and security rhetoric in the post-9/11 Bush administration. Politics & Gender, 1, 9-38.
Fish, D. R. (1989). Image and issue in the second Bush-Dukakis debate: The mediating role of values. In B. E. Gronbeck (Ed.), Spheres of argument: Proceedings of the sixth SCA/AFA Conference on Argumentation (pp. 151-157). Annandale, VA: Speech Communication Association.
Forrest Harlow, W. (2014). The Rhetoric of silence and the collapse of the Soviet Empire. American Communication Journal, 16, 52-66. (H.W.Bush
Gauthier, G. (2004). The use of indirection in televised political debates: The Bush-Gore debates during the 2000 American presidential campaign. Journal of Political Marketing, 3, 69-86
Gordon, A., & Miller, J. L. (2004). Values and persuasion during the first Bush-Gore Presidential debate. Political Communication, 21, 71-92.
Gunn, J. (2004). The rhetoric of exorcism: George W. Bush and the return of political demonology. Western Journal of Communication, 68, 1-23.
Hacker, K. L., & Swan, W. O. (1992). Content analysis of the Bush and Dukakis 1988 presidential election campaign television commercials. Journal of Social Behavior & Personality, 7, 367-374.
Hahn, D. F. (1994). The 1992 Clinton-Bush-Perot presidential debate. In R. V. Friendenberg (Ed.) Rhetorical studies of National political debates, 1960-1992, 2nd ed. (pp. 187-210). Westport, CT: Praeger.
Hall J. (2003). Coverage of George W. Bush. Press/Politics, 8, 115-120.
Hall, W. C. (2002). "Reflections of yesterday": George H. W. Bush's instrumental use of public opinion in presidential discourse. Presidential Studies Quarterly, 32, 531-558.
Harlow, W. F. (2006). And the walls came tumbling doesn: Bush's rhetoric of silence duirng German reunification. In M. J. Medhurst (Ed.), The rhetorical presidencyof George H. W. Bush (pp. 37-55). College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press.
Harnett, S. J., & Mercieca, J. R. (2007). "A Discovered Dissembler Can Achieve Nothing Great"; or, four theses on the death of presidential rhetoric in an age of Empire. Presidential Studies Quarterly, 37, 599–621.
Hartnett, S. J, & Stegrim. L. A. (2006). War Rhetorics: The National Security Strategy of the United States and President Bush's Globalization-through-Benevolent-Empire. South Atlantic Quarterly ,105, 175-
Hart, R. P., & Childers, J. P. (2005). The evolution of candidate Bush: A rhetorical analysis. American Behavioral Scientist, 49. 180-197.
Hawdon, J. E. (2001). The role of presidential rhetoric in the creation of a moral panic: Reagan, Bush, and the War on Drugs. Deviant Behavior, 22, 419-445.
Hempstead, B. M (2004). Tradition versus equality : an ideological analysis of the presidential campaign rhetoric of George W. Bush and John Kerry regarding gay marriage. Thesis, Washington State Uinv..
Herbeck, D. A. (1994). Presidential debate as political ritual: Clinton vs. Bush vs. Perot. In S. A. Smith (Ed.), Bill Clinton on stump, state, and stage: The Rhetorical road to the White House (pp. 249-272). Fayetteville, AR: University of Arkansas Press.
Holbert, R. L. (2004). Political talk radio, perceived fairness, and the establishment of president George W. Bush’s political legitimacy. Harvard International Journal Press/Politics. 9, 12-27.
Hoffman, G. (2005). The rhetoric of Bush's speeches: Purr words and snarl words. ETC: A Review of General Semantics, 62, 198-201.
Hult, K. M., & Walcott, C. E. (2007). Early evaluations of the Bush presidency. Rhetoric & Public Affairs, 10, 361-369.
Hurst, S. (2004). The rhetorical strategy of George H. W. Bush during the Persian Gulf Crisis 1990–91: How to help lose a war you won. Political Studies, 52, 376-392.
Ivie, R. L., (2004). The rhetoric of Bush's 'War on Evil". KB Journal, 1: on line http://www.kbjournal.org
Jamieson, K. H., & Waldman, P. (2002). The morning after: The effects of the network call for Bush. Political Communication, 19, 113-118.
Johnson, A. P. (1997). Newsmagazine coverage of George Bush and the "vision thing" during the 1992 presidential campaign. Journal of the Wisconsin Communication Association, 28, 24-43
Kaid, L. L., DeRosa, K. L., & Tedesco, J. C (2002). An analysis of George Bush's 1988 and 1992 campaign advertising: Revisiting the definition of a presidential candidate. In L. D. Feldman & R Ferotti (Eds.), Honor and loyalty: Inside the politics of the George H. W. Bush White House (pp. 1-65). Westport, CT: Greenwood press.
Kaid, L. L., Downs, V. C., & Ragan, S. (1990). Political argumentation and violations of audience expectations: An analysis of the Bush-Rather encounter. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 34, 1-15.
Kassop, N. (2005). Not going public: Geroge W. Bush and the presidential records act. In L. C. Han and D. J. Heith (Eds.) In the public domain: Presidents and the challenges of public leadership (pp. 255-278). Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
Kelley, C., & Troester, R. (1992). The 1988 campaign rhetoric of George Bush: Some demagogic strategies. Journal of Communication and Media Arts, 1, 65-80.
Kellner, D. (2007). Bushspeak and the politics of lying: Presidential rhetoric in the "War on Terror". Presidential Studies Quarterly, 37, 622–645.
Kuypers, J. A. (2006). Bush's war: Media bias and justification in a terrorist age. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishing.
Lakoff, R. T. (2001). The rhetoric of the extraordinary moment: The concession and acceptance speeches of Al Gore and George W. Bush in the 2000 presidential election. Pragmatics: Quarterly Publication of the International Pragmatics Association. 309-27.
Kinsey, D. F., and Chaffee, S. H. (1996). Communication behavior and presidential approval: The decline of George Bush. Political Communication, 13, 281-291.
Kuehl, R. A. (2012). The rhetorical presidency and “Accountability” in education reform: Comparing the presidential rhetoric of Ronald Reagan and George W. Bush. Southern Communication Journal, 77, 329-348.
Lemert, J. B., Elliott, W. R., Rosenberg, W. L., & Bernstein, J. M. (1996). The politics of disenchantment: Bush, Clinton, Perot and the press. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press.
Lockett John, S., Domke, D., Coe, K., & Graham, E. S. (2007). Going public, crisis after crisis: The Bush administration and the press from September 11 to Saddam. Rhetoric & Public Affairs, 10, 195-219.
Lowery, D. T., Bridges, J. A., & Barefield, P. A. (1990). The effects of network TV "instant analysis and querulous criticism" following the first Bush-Dukakis debate. Journalism Quarterly, 67, 814-825.
Mayer, J. D., & Rozell, M. J. (2005). A president tranformed: Bush's pre- and post-September 11 rhetoric and image. In L. C. Han and D. J. Heith (Eds.) In the public domain: Presidents and the challenges of public leadership (pp. 207-223). Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
Medhurst, M. J. (2010). George W. Bush at Goree Island: American slavery and the rhetoric of redemption.Quarterly Journal of Speech, 96 257-277.
Medhurst, M. J. (2008). George W. Bush, pubic faith, and the culture war over same-sex marriage. In J. A. Aune and M. J. Medhurst, (Eds.) The prospect of presidential rhetoric (pp. 209-237). College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press.
Medhurst, M. J. (Ed.) (2006). The rhetorical presidency of George H. W. Bush. College Station, TX" Texas A&M Press.
Meehan, E. R. (2006). Hurricane Katrina and bush's Vacation: Context for decoding. Critical Studies in Media Communication, 23, 85-90.
Miller, S. (1997). The woven gender: Made for a woman, but stronger for a man. Southern Communication Journal, 62, 217-228. (George Bush, Jr. vs. Ann Richards, Gov., TX)
Mitchell, G. R. (2006). Team B intelligence coups. Quarterly Journal of Speech, 92, 144-173.
Morello, J. T. (1992). The "look" and language of clash: Visual structuring of argument in the 1988 Bush-Dukakis debates. The Southern Communication Journal, 57, 205-218.
Morris, E. (2006). Bush's 16 words: A toulminian perspective on the nuance and/or deception in the 2003 State of the Union Address. In P. Riley (Ed.) Engaging Argument (pp. 89-96) . Washington, DC: National Communication Association.
Mueller, J. E.(2006). Towel Snapping the press: Bush's journey from locker-room antics to message control. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishing.
Murphy, J. M. (2003). "Our Mission and our Moment": George W. Bush and September 11th. Rhetoric and Public Affairs, 6, 607-632
Niven, D. (2001). Bias in the News: Partisanship and negativity in media coverage of presidents George Bush and Bill Clinton. Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics, 6, 31-46.
Parry-Giles, T. (2005). Celebritized justice, civil rights, and the Clarence Thomas nominiation. In J. A. Aune and E. D. Rigsby (Eds.) Civil rights rhetoric and the American presidency (pp. 268-300) . College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press.
Prosise, T. O., & Smith, C. R. (2001). The supreme court's ruling in Bush v. Gore: A rhetoric of inconsistency.Rhetoric and Public Affairs, 4, 605-632.
Rex, J. (2011). The president's war agenda: A rhetorical view. Presidential Studies Quarterly, 41, 93-118. (McKinley and Bush)
Riswold, C. D. (2004). A religious response veiled in a prsidential address: A theological study of Bush's speech on 20 September 2001. Political Theology, 5, 39-46.
Ritter, K. & Howell, B. (2001). Ending the 2000 presidential election: Gore's concession speech and Bush's victory speech. American Behavioral Scientist, 44, 2314-2330.
Robertson, T. (1995). Winning the peace: The “Three Pillars” of George Bush at Whitehall Palace. Speaker and Gavel, 42, 35-46.
Rozell, M. J. (1996). The press and the Bush presidency. Westport, CT; Greenwood.
Ryan, H. S. (1994). The 1988 Bush-Dukakis presidential debates. In R. V. Friedenberg (Ed.), Rhetorical studies of national political debates: 1960-1992 (pp. 145-166). Westport, CT: Praeger.
Schultz, D. (2006). Moblizing museums: Visual arguments in the George H. W. Bush (41) Museum. In P. Riley (Ed.) Engaging Argument (pp. 243-249) . Washington, DC: National Communication Association.
Semmler, S. M. (2003). Fetching good out of evil: George W. Bush's post 9/11 rhetoric. Speaker and Gavel, 40, 67-90.
Siegelman, L., & Whissell, C. (2002). Projecting presidential personas on the radio: An addendum on the Bushes. Presidential Studies Quarterly, 32, 572-576.
Smith, C. A. (2005). President Bush’s enthymeme of evil: The amalgamation of 9/11, iraq, and moral values. American Behavioral Scientist, 49, 32-47.
Spielvogel, C. (2005). "You Know where I Stand”: Moral framing of the war on terrorism and the Iraq war in the 2004 presidential campaign. Rhetoric & Public Affairs, 8, 549-569.
Stanton, A. Q., & Peeples, J. A. (2000). Educational reform discourse: President George Bush on "America 2000". Communication Education, 49, 303-319.
Stuckey, M. E. (2005). Doing diversity across the partisan divide: George H. W. Bush, Bill Clinton, and American national identity. In L. C. Han and D. J. Heith (Eds.) In the public domain: Presidents and the challenges of public leadership (pp. 179-205). Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
Stuckey, M. E. (1993). Remembering the future: Rhetorical echoes of World War II and Vietnam in George Bush’s public speech on the Gulf War. Communication Studies, 43, 246-256.
Stuckey, M. E., & Ritter, J. R. (2007). George Bush, <Human Rights>, and American Democracy. Presidential Studies Quarterly, 37, 646–666.
Tedesco, J. C., Kaid, L. L., (2003). Style and effects of the Bush and Gore Spots. In L. L Kaid, J. C. Tedesco, D. G. Bystrom, & M. S. McKinney (Eds.) The millennium election: Communication in the 2000 campaign (pp. 5-16) . New York: Rowman & Littlefield.
Timmerman, D. (1996). The 1992 presidential candidate films: The contrasting narratives of George Bush and Bill Clinton. Presidential Studies Quarterly, 26, 364-373.
Trent, J. S. (1994). The 1984 Bush-Ferraro vice presidential debate. In R. V. Friedenberg (Ed.), Rhetorical studies of national political debates: 1960-1992 (2nd Ed). (pp. 121-144). Westport, CT: Praeger.
Turner, P. K., & Ryden, R. (2000). How George Bush silenced Anita Hill: A Derridian view of the third persona in public argument. Argumentation and Advocacy, 37, 86-97.
Valenzano, J. M. (2005). The hoofbeats of history: George W. Bush and FDR on the path to very different wars. In C. A. Williard (Ed.), Critical problems in argumentation (pp. 795-801). Washington, DC: National Communication Association.
VanderHaagen, S. C. (2008). Renewing tradition in community: Geroge W. Bush, Calvin College, and the controversy over identity. Rhetoric & Public Affairs, 11, 535-568.
Veil, S. (2005). To answer, or not to answer— That is the question of the hour: Image restoration strategies and media coverage of past drug use questions in the presidential campaigns of Bill Clinton and George W. Bush. Speaker and Gavel, 42, 58-78.
Wertheimer, M. M. (2004). Barbara Bush. In M. M. Wertheimer (Ed.) Inventing a voice (387-416). New York: Rowman & Littlefield.
Williams, D. C., & Young, M. J. (2006). Managing "Democracy" in the age of terrorism: Putin, Bush and arguments from definition. In P. Riley (Ed.) Engaging Argument (pp. 297-103) . Washington, DC: National Communication Association.
Winkler, C. (2007). Parallels in preemptive war rhetoric: Reagan on Libya, Bush 43 on Iraq. Rhetoric & Public Affairs, 10, 303–334.
Winkler, C. K. (1995). Narrative reframing of public argument: George Bush's handling of the Persian Gulf conflict. In E. Schiappa (Ed.), Warranting assent: Case studies in argument evaluation (pp. 33-55). Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
Zarefsky, D. (2005). George Bush and the transformationof civil rights discourse, 1965-1990. In J. A. Aune and E. D. Rigsby (Eds.) Civil rights rhetoric and the American presidency (pp. 231-267) . College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press.
Zarefsky, D. (2004). George W. Bush discovers rhetoric: September 20, 2001, and the U.S. response to terrorism. In M. J. Hyde (Ed.) The ethos of rhetoric (pp. 136-155). Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press.