By default, if you scan an image and convert it to PDF, you get a Image Only PDF.
To make your PDF indexable, searchable and the content "copy & pasteable", you need to run the file through the Paper Capture plug-in.
* You need to scan the images at least using 300 dpi for the OCR to be effective.
Once you converted the PDF (and fixed up any OCR errors), the text would be selectable in Acrobat Reader with the "Text Select Tool"..
You may need to download this free plug-in from www.adobe.com if your copy doesn't have this option installed already.