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Selected Sources in Rhetoric

This bibliography has been mirrored and is being updated at The Rhetorical Cicero: Sources on The Rhetorical Goddess wiki. Please visit there for current information.

Texts and Commentaries

Gotoff, Harold C.

Cicero's Caesarian Speeches: A Stylistic Commentary. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 1993.

Secondary Sources

Beasey, Mary Fowler.

"It's What You Don't Say: Omissio in Cicero's Speeches." Southern Speech Communication Journal 39 (1973): 11-20.

Brinton, Alan.

"Cicero's Use of Historical Examples in Moral Argument." Philosophy & Rhetoric 21 (1988): 169184.

Cape, Robert W.

"The Rhetoric of Politics in Cicero's Fourth Catilinarian." American Journal of Philology 116 (1995): 255-277.

Cerutti, Steven M.

Cicero's Accretive Style: Rhetorical Strategies in the Exordia of the Judicial Speeches. New York: UP of America, 1996.

Churchill, J. Bradford.

"Sponsio quae in verba facta est? Two Lost Speeches and the Formula of the Roman Legal Wager." Classical Quarterly 50 (2000): 159-169.

Classen, C. J.

"Cicero orator inter Germanos redivivus." Humanistica Lovaniensia: Journal of Neo Latin Studies 37 (1988): 79-114.

DiLorenzo, Raymond.

"The Critique of Socrates in Cicero's De Oratore: ornatus and the Nature of Wisdom." Philosophy & Rhetoric 11 (1978): 247261.

Enos, Richard Leo.

"The Advocates of Pre-Ciceronian Rome: Cicero's Standard for Forensic Oratory."


"Cicero's Forensic Oratory: The Manifestation of Power in the Roman Republic." Southern Communication Journal 40 (1974): 377394.


"The Epistemological Foundation for Cicero's Litigation Strategies." Communication Studies 28 (1975): 207214.


"Heuristic Structures of Dispositio in Oral and Written Rhetorical Composition: An Addendum to Ochs' Analysis of the Verrine Orations." Communication Studies 35 (1984): 7783.


"Quasi-logical, Illogical, and Extra-logical Appeals in Cicero's Forensic Arguments: Rhetoric as Theory and as Practice." Argumentation & Advocacy 19 (1983): 150157.

Enos, Richard Leo, and Jeanne L. McClaran.

"Audience and Image in Ciceronian Rome: Creation and Constraints of the Vir Bonus Personality." Communication Studies 29 (1978): 98106.

Everitt, Anthony.

Cicero: The Life and Times of Rome's Greatest Politician. New York: Random House, 2002.

Fantham, Elaine.

"Orator 6974." Communication Studies 35 (1984): 123125.

Fuhrmann, Manfred.

Cicero and the Roman Republic. Trans. W. E. Yuill. Oxford: Blackwell, 1992.

Gaines, Robert N., ed.

Special Reports: Studies in Cicero's Opera Rhetorica. Communication Studies 35 (1984).

Gallagher, Robert L.

"Metaphor in Cicero's De Re Publica." Classical Quarterly 51 (2001): 509-519.

Goodwin, Jean.

"Cicero's Authority." Philosophy & Rhetoric 34 (2001): 38-60.

Hall, Jon.

"Persuasive Design in Cicero's De oratore." Phoenix 48 (1994): 210-225.

Halloran, S. Michael.

"De Oratore III.147." Communication Studies 35 (1984): 127128.

Innocenti, Beth.

"Towards a Theory of Vivid Description as Practiced in Cicero's Verrine Orations." Rhetorica 12 (1994): 355-381.

Kirby, John T.

"Ciceronian Rhetoric: Theory and Practice." Roman Eloquence: Rhetoric in Society and Literature. London: Routledge, 1997.


The Rhetoric of Cicero's Pro Cluentio. Amsterdam: J. C. Gieben, 1990.

Konstan, David.

"Rhetoric and the Crisis of Legitimacy in Cicero's Catilinarian Orations." Rethinking the History of Rhetoric: Multidisciplinary Essays on the Rhetorical Tradition. Ed. Takis Poulakos. Boulder, CO: Westview P, 1993. 1130.

Leff, Michael C.

"Genre and Paradigm in the Second Book of De Oratore." Southern Communication Journal 51 (1986): 308325.


"Redemptive Identification: Cicero's Catilinarian Orations." Explorations in Rhetorical Criticism. Eds. G. P. Mohrmann et al. University Park: Penn State UP, 1973. 158177.


"The Topics of Argumentative Invention in Latin Rhetorical Theory from Cicero to Boethius." Rhetorica 1 (1983): 2344.

MacKendrick, Paul.

The Speeches of Cicero: Context, Law, and Rhetoric. London: Duckworth, 1995.

McNally, J. Richard.

"Comments on Rhetoric and Oratory in Cicero's Letters." Southern Communication Journal 39 (1973): 2132.

Meador, Prentice A.

"Rhetoric and Humanism in Cicero." Philosophy & Rhetoric 3 (1970): 112.


"The Skeptic Theory of Perception: A Philosophical Antecedent of Ciceronian Probability." Quarterly Journal of Speech 54 (1968): 340351.

Ochs, Donovan J.

"Brutus 332." Communication Studies 35 (1984): 125127.


"Rhetorical Detailing in Cicero's Verrine Orations." Communication Studies 33 (1982): 310318.

Pangle, Thomas L.

"Socratic Cosmopolitanism: Cicero's Critique and Transformation of the Stoic Ideal." Canadian Journal of Political Science 31 (1998): 235-266.

Prill, Paul.

"Cicero in Theory and Practice: The Securing of Good Will in the Exordia of Five Forensic Speeches." Rhetorica 4 (1986): 93-109.

Quadlbauer, Franz.

"Optimus Orator/Perfecte Eloquens: Zu Ciceros formalem Rednerideal und seiner Nachwirkung." Rhetorica 2 (1984): 103-119.

Remer, Gary.

"Political Oratory and Conversation: Cicero versus Deliberative Democracy." Political Theory 27 (1999): 39-64.

 Sattler, William M.

 "Some Platonic Influences in the Rhetorical Works of Cicero." Quarterly Journal of Speech 35 (1949): 164169.

Schryvers, P. A.

"Invention, imagination, et theorie des emotions chez Ciceron et Quintilien." Rhetoric Revalued: Papers from the International Society for the History of Rhetoric. Ed. Brian Vickers. Binghamton: Medieval & Renaissance Texts & Studies, 1982. 47-57.

Schuetrumpf, Eckart.

"Platonic Elements in the Structure of Cicero, De oratore Book I." Rhetorica 6 (1988): 237-258.

 Threet, Douglas F.

 "The Rhetorical Function of Ciceronian Probability." Southern Communication Journal 39 (1974): 309321.

Vasaly, Ann.

Representations: Images of the World in Ciceronian Oratory. Berkeley: U of California P, 1993.

 Volpe, Michael.

 "Cicero's 'Dust:' Deception, Diversion or Different Perspective?" Communication Studies 29 (1978): 118126.


"The Persuasive Force of Humor: Cicero's Defense of Caelius." Quarterly Journal of Speech 63 (1977): 311323.

Williams, Mark A. E.

"Arguing With Style: How Persuasion and the Enthymeme Work Together in On Invention, Book 3." Southern Communication Journal 68 (2003): 136-151.

Wood, Neal.

Cicero's Social and Political Thought. Berkeley, CA: U of California P, 1988.

Wooten, Cecil W.

"Brutus 322." Communication Studies 35 (1984): 128131.


Cicero's Philippics and Their Demosthenic Model: The Rhetoric of Crisis. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 1983.