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Selected Sources

This bibliography has been mirrored and is being updated on Isocrates: Sources at the Rhetorical Goddess wiki. Please visit there for current information.

Primary Sources (Texts and Translations)


Isocrates I. Trans. David Mirady and Yun Lee Too. Oratory of Classical Greece 4. Austin: U of Texas P, 2000.

Critical Literature

Cahn, Michael.

"Reading Rhetoric Rhetorically: Isocrates and the Marketing of Insight." Rhetorica 8 (1990): 103118.

Clark, Norman.

"The Critical Servant: An Isocratean Contribution to Critical Rhetoric." Quarterly Journal of Speech 82 (1996): 111-124.

Dusanic, Slobodan.

"Isocrates, the Chian intellectuals, and the political context of the Euthydemus." Journal of Hellenic Studies 119 (1999): 1-16.

Flower, Michael A.

"From Simonides to Isocrates: The Fifth-Century Origins of Fourth-Century Panhellenism." Classical Antiquity 19 (2000): 65-101.

Halliwell, Stephen.

."Philosophical Rhetoric or Rhetorical Philosophy? The Strange Case of Isocrates." The Rhetoric Canon. Ed. Brenda Deen Schildgen. Detroit: Wayne State UP, 1997.

Hamilton, C. D.

"Greek Rhetoric and History: The Case of Isocrates." Arktouros: Hellenic studies Presented to Bernard M. W. Knox on the Occasion of his 65th Birthday. Ed. G. W. Bowersock and W. Burkert. Berlin: de Gruyter, 1979. 290-298.

Harding, Philip.

"The Purpose of Isokrates' Archidamos and On the Peace." California Studies in Classical Antiquity 6 (1973): 137-149.

Haskins, Ekaterina V.

Logos and Power in Isocrates and Aristotle. Greenville: U of South Carolina P, 2004.


"Rhetoric between Orality and Literacy: Culture Memory and Performance in Isocrates and Aristotle." Quarterly Journal of Speech 87 (2001): 158-178.

Heilbrunn, G.

"The Composition of Isocrates' Helen." Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association 107 (1977): 147-159.


"Isocrates on Rhetoric and Power." Hermes 103 (1975): 154-178.

Lentz, T. M.

"Writing as Sophistry: From Preservation to Persuasion." Quarterly Journal of Speech 68 (1982): 60-68.

Livingstone, Niall.

A Commentary on Isocrates' Busiris. The Netherlands: Brill, 2001.

Markle, M. M.

"Support of Athenian Intellectuals for Philip: A Study of Isocrates' Philippus and Speusippus' Letter to Philip." Journal of Hellenic Studies 96 (1976): 80-99.

Matson, W. I.

"Isocrates the Pragmatist." Review of Metaphysics 10 (1957): 423-427.

Moritani, K.

"Arche and hegemonia in Isocrates." Journal of Classical Studies33 (1985): 40-48.

Moysey, Robert A.

"Isokrates and Chares: A Study in the Political Spectrum of Mid-4th Cent. Athens." Ancient World 15 (1987): 81-86.


"Isokrates' On the Peace: Rhetorical Exercise or Political Advice?" American Journal of Ancient History 7 (1982): 118-127.

Poulakos, John.

"Argument, Practicality, and Eloquence in Isocrates' Helen." Rhetorica 4 (1986): 1-19.


"Early Changes in Rhetorical Practice and Understanding: From the Sophists to Isocrates." Texte: Revue de critique et de theorie litteraire 8 (1989): 307324.

Poulakos, Takis.

"Isocrates' Use of doxa." Philosophy & Rhetoric 34 (2001): 61-78.


"Isocrates' Use of Narrative in the Evagoras: Epideictic Rhetoric and Moral Action." Quarterly Journal of Speech 73 (1987): 317328.


Speaking for the Polis: Isocrates' Rhetorical Education. Columbia: U of South Carolina P, 1997.

Race, William H.

"Pindaric Encomium and Isokrates' Evagoras." Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association 117 (1987): 131-155.

Rowe, Galen O.

"Two Responses by Isocrates to Demosthenes." Historia 51 (2002): 149-162.

Rummel, E.

"Isocrates' Ideal of Rhetoric: Criteria of Evaluation." Classical Journal 75 (1979): 25-35.

Schlatter, Frederic W.

"Isocrates, Against the Sophists, 16." American Journal of Philology 93 (1972): 591-597.

Schwarze, Steve.

"Performing 'Phronesis': The Case of Isocrates' 'Helen'." Philosophy & Rhetoric 32 (1999): 78-95.

Stephens, S. A.

"The Ancient Title of the Ad Demonicum." Yale Classical Studies 25 (1985): 5-8.

Sullivan, Robert G.

"Eidos/idea in Isocrates." Philosophy & Rhetoric 34 (2001): 79-92.

Timmerman, David M.

"Isocrates' Competing Conceptualization of Philosophy." Philosophy & Rhetoric 31 (1998): 145-159.

Too, Yun Lee

 The Rhetoric of Identity in Isocrates. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1995.