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Sophistic Rhetoric:
Selected Sources

This bibliography has been mirrored and is being continued at Sophistic Rhetoric: Sources on the Rhetorical Goddess wiki. Please visit there for current information.

Primary Texts and Commentaries


Selected Speeches. Ed. Charles Darwin Adams. New York: American Book, 1905. Norman: U of Oklahoma P, 1970.

Sprague, Rosamond Kent, ed.

The Older Sophists. Translation of Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker, ed. by Diels-Kranz, Vaduz: Weidmann. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1972.

Secondary Sources

See also separate bibliographies under individual sophists:

Ambrose, Z. P.

"Socrates and Prodicus in the Clouds." Essays in Ancient Greek Philosophy. Vol. II. Albany: SUNY P, 1983. 129-144.

Benjamin, James.

"Eristic, Dialectic, and Rhetoric." Communication Quarterly 31 (1983): 21–26.

Benson, Hugh.

"A Note on Eristic and the Socratic Elenchus." Journal of the History of Philosophy 27 (1989): 591–599.

Consigny, Scott.  

"Edward Schiappa's Reading of the Sophists." Rhetoric Review 14 (1996): 253-269.


"Nietzsche's Reading of the Sophists."Rhetoric Review 13 (1994): 5-26.

Crowley, Sharon..

"A Plea for the Revival of Sophistry." Rhetoric Review 7 (1989): 318-334.

Enos, Richard.

Greek Rhetoric Before Aristotle. Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland P, 1993.

Forrest, W. G.

"An Athenian Generation Gap." Yale Classical Studies 24 (1975): 37-54.

Guthrie, W. K. C.

The Sophists. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1971.

Henrichs, A.

"The Sophists and Hellenistic Religion: Prodicus as the Spiritual Father of the Isis Aretalogies." Actes du VIIe Congr่s de la F้d้ration Internationale des Associations d'Etudes classiques. Budapest: Akad. Kiado, 1984. 339-353.


"Two Doxographical Notes: Democritus and Prodicus on Religion." Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 79 (1975): 93-123.

Hodges, Karen A.

"Unfolding Sophistic and Humanist Practice through Ingenium." Rhetoric Review 15 (1996): 86-92.

Jarratt, Susan C.

Rereading the Sophists: Classical Rhetoric Reconsidered. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1991.

Johnstone, Christopher.

"Communicating in Classical Contexts: The Centrality of Delivery." Quarterly Journal of Speech 87 (2001): 121-142.

Kerferd, G. B.

The Sophistic Movement. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1981.

Kirby, John T.

"The 'Great Triangle' in Early Greek Rhetoric and Poetics." Rhetorica 8 (1990): 213–228.

Lentz, T. M.

"Writing as Sophistry: From Preservation to Persuasion." Quarterly Journal of Speech 68 (1982): 60-68.

Moss, Roger.

"The Case for Sophistry." Rhetoric Revalued: Papers from the International Society for the History of Rhetoric. Ed. Brian Vickers. Binghamton, NY: Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, 1982. 207–224.

Nehamas, Alexander

"Eristic, Antilogic, Sophistic, Dialectic: Plato's Demarcation of Philosophy from Sophistry." History of Philosophy Quarterly 7 (1990): 3-16

Newman, John K.

"Protagoras, Gorgias and the Dialogic Principle." Illinois Classical Studies 11 (1986): 43-61.

Poster, Carol.

"Persuasion in an Empty Ontology: The Eleatic Synthesis of Philosophy, Poetry, and Rhetoric." Philosophy & Rhetoric 27 (1994): 277-299.

Poulakos, John.

"Early Changes in Rhetorical Practice and Understanding: From the Sophists to Isocrates." Texte 8 (1989): 307–324.


"Extending and Correcting the Rhetorical Tradition: Aristotle's Perception of the Sophists. Ed. Christopher Lyle Johnstone. Theory, Text, Context: Issues in Greek Rhetoric and Oratory. Albany : State U of New York P, 1996. 45-63.


"Gorgias' and Isocrates' Use of the Encomium." Southern Communication Journal 51 (1986): 300–307.


"Interpreting Sophistical Rhetoric: A Response to Schiappa." Philosophy & Rhetoric 23 (1990): 218–228.


"Rhetoric, the Sophists, and the Possible." Communication Monographs 51 (1984): 215–226.


Sophistical Rhetoric in Classical Greece. Columbia: U of South Carolina P, 1995.


"Toward a Sophistic Definition of Rhetoric." Philosophy & Rhetoric 16 (1983): 35–48.

Pullman, George L.

"Reconsidering Sophistic Rhetoric in Light of Skeptical Epistemology." Rhetoric Review 13 (1994): 50-68.

de Romilly, Jacqueline.

Magic and Rhetoric in Ancient Greece. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1975.


The Great Sophists in Periclean Athens. Oxford: Clarendon, 1992.

Rossetti, Livio.

"The Rhetoric of Zeno's Paradoxes." Philosophy & Rhetoric 21 (1988): 145-152.

Scenters-Zapico, John.

"The Case for the Sophists." Rhetoric Review 11 (1993): 352– .

Schiappa, Edward.

"History and Neo-Sophistic Criticism: A Reply to Poulakos." Philosophy & Rhetoric 23 (1990): 307–315.


"Neo-Sophistic Rhetorical Criticism or the Historical Reconstruction of Sophistic Doctrines?" Philosophy & Rhetoric 23 (1990): 192–217.


Protagoras and Logos: A Study in Greek Philosophy and Rhetoric. Columbia: U of South Carolina P, 1991.


"Some of My Best Friends Are Sophists: A Response to Scott Consigny." Rhetoric Review 14 (1996): 272-279.

Sullivan, Dale.

"Kairos and the Rhetoric of Belief." Quarterly Journal of Speech 78 (1992): 317–332.

Ward, John O.

"Magic and Rhetoric from Antiquity to the Renaissance: Some Ruminations." Rhetorica 6 (1988): 57–118.

Wheeler, E. L.

"Sophistic Interpretations and Greek Treaties." Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies 25 (1984): 253-274.

Wright, M. R.

"Presocratics and Sophists." Phronesis 40 (1995): 118– .