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The Classical Mode of American Public Discourse:
Selected Sources

Books and Articles

Benson, Thomas W., ed. Rhetorical and Political Culture in Nineteenth-Century America. East Lansing: Michigan State UP, 1997.
Broaddus, Dorothy C. Genteel Rhetoric: Writing High Culture in Nineteenth Century Boston. Greenville: U of South Carolina P, 1999.
Cmiel, Kenneth. Democratic Eloquence: The Fight over Popular Speech in Nineteenth-Century America. Berkeley: U of California P, 1990.
Ganter, Granville. "The Active Virtue of The Columbian Orator. " New England Quarterly 70 (1997): 463-476.
Johnson, Nan. Nineteenth-Century Rhetoric in America. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1991.
Lepore, Jill. A is for American: Letters and Other Characters in the Newly United States.New York: Knopf, 2002.
Oliver, Robert T. History of Public Speaking in America. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1965.
Parker, Edward G. The Golden Age of Oratory. Boston: Whittemore, Niles, Hall, 1857.
Remer, Gary. "James Harrington's New Deliberative Rhetoric: Reflection of an Anticlassical Republicanism." History of Political Thought 16 (1995): 532-557.

Richard, Carl J.

The Founders and the Classics: Greece, Rome, and the American Enlightenment. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1994.

 Rousseau, L. G.

 "The Rhetorical Principles of Cicero and Adams." Quarterly Journal of Speech 2 (1916): 396410.

Electronic Texts

Virtanen, Keijo.

"The Role of Philosophy and Literature in Building Up the National Identity of the Early 19th Century United States."1997. 6 pp. From Revolution to Reconstruction: A WWW-Project in American History. 24 Sep. 1997. http://odur.let.rug.nl/~usa/E/identity/philos01.htm.