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Compromise and Congressional Rhetoric through Reconstruction:
Selected Sources

Primary Documents

Lundy, Benjamin. The War in Texas: A Review of Facts and Circumstances, Showing That the Contest Is the Result of a Long Premeditated Crusade against the Government, Set on Foot by Slaveholders, Land Speculators, etc., with the View of Re-Establishing, Extending, and Perpetuating the System of Slavery and the Slave Trade in the Republic of Mexico. 1836. Reprinted from The Life, Travels and Opinions of Benjamin Lundy, 1847. Sons of DeWitt Colony, Texas. War of Independence 1832-1836. 14 Oct. 2002. <http://www.tamu.edu/ccbn/dewitt/lundy.htm>
Jackson, Andrew. Proclamation on Nullification, December 10, 1832(1). The Avalon Project. Yale Law School. 9/7/99. http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/presiden/proclamations/jack01.htm.
  South Carolina Ordinance of Nullification, November 24, 1832. The Avalon Project. Yale Law School. 9/7/99. http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/states/sc/ordnull.htm.
Towns, W. Stuart, ed. Oratory and Rhetoric in the Nineteenth Century South: A Rhetoric of Defense. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1998.

Historical Background

Miller, William Lee.

Arguing About Slavery: The Great Battle in the United States Congress. New York: Knopf, 1996. 


Critical Books and Essays

Arntson, Paul, and Craig R. Smith.

"The Seventh of March Address: A Mediating Influence." Southern Speech Communication Journal 40 (1975): 288–301.

Auer, J. Jeffrey, ed. Antislavery and Disunion, 1858-1861: Studies in the Rhetoric of Compromise and Conflict. New York: Harper & Row, 1963.

Banninga, Jerald L.

"John Quincy Adams on the Right of a Slave to Petition Congress." Southern Speech Communication Journal 38 (1972): 151–163.

Browne, Stephen H.

"Reading Public Memory in Daniel Webster’s Plymouth Rock Oration." Western Journal of Communication 57 (1993): 464–477.

Burstein, Andrew. America's Jubilee. New York: Vintage, 2001.
Carlson, A. Cheree. "John Quincy Adams' 'Amistad Address': Eloquence in a Generic Hybrid." Western Journal of Speech Communication 49 (1985): 14-26.
Curtis, Christopher M. "Partus Sequitur Ventrem: Slavery, Property Rights, and the Language of Slavery in Virginia's House of Delegates, 1831-1832." Land and Freedom: The 18th Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Law and History Society, Newcastle, Australia, 9-11 July 1999. 27 July 2001. http://www.newcastle.edu.au/department/fec/econ/ecarb/conferences/land/curtispaper.pdf
Diffley, Kathleen. "'Erecting Anew the Standard of Freedom': Salmon P. Chase's 'Appeal of the Independent Democrats' and the Rise of the Republican Party." Quarterly Journal of Speech 74 (1988): 401-415.

Erickson, Paul D.

The Poetry of Events: Daniel Webster’s Rhetoric of the Constitution and the Union. New York: New York UP, 1986.

Grant, David. "Uncle Tom's Cabin and the Triumph of Republican Rhetoric." New England Quarterly 71 (1998): 429-448.
Guasco, Susan Cooper. "'The Deadly Influence of Negro Capitalists': Southern Yeomen and Resistance to the
Expansion of Slavery in Illinois." Civil War History 47 (2001): 7-.
Hillbruner, Anthony. "Inequality, the Great Chain of Being, and Ante-Bellum Southern Oratory." Southern Speech Journal 25 (1959): 172-189.
Holt, Michael. The Rise and Fall of the American Whig Party: Jacksonian Politics and the Onset of the Civil War. New York: Oxford UP, 1999.
Howe, Daniel Walker. "The Evangelical Movement and Political Culture in the North during the Second Party System." Journal of American History 77 (1991): 1216-1239.
---. The Political Culture of the American Whigs. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1979.
Huston, James L. "Southerners against Secession: The Arguments of the Constitutional Unionists in 1850-51." Civil War History 46 (2000): 281-.

Jasinski, James.

"The Forms and Limits of Prudence in Henry Clay's (1850) Defense of the Compromise Measures." Quarterly Journal of Speech 81 (1995): 454–478.

Kurtz, Jeffrey B. "Condemning Webster: Judgment and Audience in Emerson's 'Fugitive Slave Law.'" Quarterly Journal of Speech 87 (2001): 278-290.
Mohrmann, G. P. "Place and Space: Calhoun's Fatal Security." Western Journal of Speech Communication 51 (1987): 143-158.
Nickel, W. Sandra. "The Rhetoric of Union: A Stylized Utterance." Central States Speech Journal 24 (1973): 137-142.

O'Rourke, Sean Patrick

"Cultivating the Higher Law in American Jurisprudence: John Quincy Adams, Neo-Classical Rhetoric, and the Amistad Case." Southern Communication Journal 60 (1994): 33–43.

Rathbun, Lyon. "The Debate over Annexing Texas and the Emergence of Manifest Destiny." Rhetoric and Public Affairs 4 (2001): 459-493.
---. "The Ciceronian Rhetoric of John Quincy Adams." Rhetorica 18 (2000): 175-

Reid, Ronald R.

Edward Everett: Unionist Orator. New York: Greenwood P, 1990.

Sayer, James Edward. "Webster v. Hayne: A Reanalysis of Motive." Central States Speech Journal 30 (1979): 241-249.
Smith, Craig R. "The Anti-War Rhetoric of Daniel Webster." Quarterly Journal of Speech 85 (1999): 1-16.


"Daniel Webster’s July 17th Address: A Mediating Influence in the 1850 Compromise." Quarterly Journal of Speech 71 (1985): 349–361.


Defender of the Union: The Oratory of Daniel Webster. Great American Orators 1. New York: Greenwood P, 1989.

Stocker, Glen. "Charles Sumner's Rhetoric of Insult." Southern Speech Communication Journal 38 (1972): 223-234.
Vajda, Zoltan. "John C. Calhoun's Republicanism Revisited." Rhetoric and Public Affairs 4 (2001): 433-457.
Zarefsky, David, and Victoria J. Gallagher. "From 'Conflict' to 'Constitutional Question': Transformations in Early American Public Discourse." Quarterly Journal of Speech 76 (1990): 247-261.
Zeitz, Joshua Michael. "The Missouri Compromise Reconsidered: Antislavery Rhetoric and the Emergence of the
Free Labor Synthesis." Journal of the Early Republic 20 (2000): 447-449.