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The Rhetorical Lincoln:
Selected Sources

Aune, James Arnt.

"Lincoln and the American Sublime." Communication Reports 1 (1988): 14–19.

Barzun, Jacques. "Lincoln the Writer." Jacques Barzun on Writing, Editing and Publishing. 2nd ed. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1972. 65-81.
Basler, Roy P. A Touchstone for Greatness: Essays, Addresses, and Occasional Pieces about Abraham Lincoln. Westport, CT: Greenwood P, 1973.
Berry, Mildred Freburg. "Abraham Lincoln: His Development in the Skills of the Platform." A History and Criticism of American Public Address. Vol. 2. Ed. William Norwood Brigance. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1943. 828-857.

Black, Edwin.

"Gettysburg and Silence." Quarterly Journal of Speech 80 (1994): 21–36.

Braden, Waldo W.

Abraham Lincoln: Public Speaker. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State UP, 1988.

Burlingame, Michael. The Inner World of Abraham Lincoln. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1994.
Burlingame, Michel, ed. An Oral History of Abraham Lincoln: John G. Nicolay's Interviews and Essays. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1996.

Campbell, Karlyn Kohrs, and Kathleen Hall Jamieson.

Deeds Done in Words: Presidential Rhetoric and the Genres of Governance. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1990.

Carlson, A. Cheree.

"The Rhetoric of the Know-Nothing Party: Nativism as a Response to the Rhetorical Situation." Southern Speech Communication Journal 54 (1989): 364–383.

Carpenter, Ronald H. "In Not-So-Trivial Pursuit of Rhetorical Wedgies: An Historical Approach to Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address." Communication Reports 1 (1988): 20-25.
Cox, LaWanda. Lincoln and Black Freedom: A Study in Presidential Leadership. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1985.

Diffley, Kathleen.

"‘Erecting Anew the Standard of Freedom’: Salmon P. Chase’s Appeal of the Independent Democrats and the Rise of the Republican Party." Quarterly Journal of Speech 74 (1988): 401–415.

Diggins, John Patrick. On Hallowed Ground: Abraham Lincoln and the Foundation of American History. New Haven: Yale UP, 2000.
Donald, David Herbert. Lincoln. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995.
Edwards, Herbert Joseph, and John Erskine Hankins. "Lincoln the Writer: The Development of His Literary Style." Studies in English and American Literature. Orono: U of Maine P, 1962.

Einhorn, Lois J.

Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend. New York: Greenwood Press, 1992

Fehrenbacher, Don Edward.

Lincoln in Text and Context: Collected Essays. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1987.

Fehrenbacher, Don Edward, and Virginia Fehrenbacher, eds.  Recollected Words of Abraham Lincoln. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1996.
Flemmings, Corrine K. "Gettysburg Revisited." Communication Quarterly 14 (1966): 26-30.
Frederickson, George M. "The Search for Order and Community." The Public and Private Lincoln" Contemporary Perspectives. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1949. 86-98.

Gardner, A. Edward.

"The Return of the Beloved: The Chiasmus and the Messianic Secret of Abraham Lincoln." Central States Speech Journal 38 (1987): 133–151.

Greenstone, J. David. The Lincoln Persuasion: Remaking American Liberalism. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1993.
Grossman, Allen. "The Poetics of Union in Whitman and Lincoln: An Inquiry toward the Relationship of Art and Policy." The American Renaissance Reconsidered. Ed. Walter Ben Michaels and Donald E. Pease. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1985.
Guelzo, Allen C. Abraham Lincoln: Redeemer President. Grand Rapids: W. B. Eerdmans, 1999.
Harris, William C. With Charity for All: Lincoln and the Restoration of the Union. Lexington: UP of Kentucky, 1997.
Holt, Michael. The Rise and Fall of the American Whig Party: Jacksonian Politics and the Onset of the Civil War. New York: Oxford UP, 1999.
Holzer, Howard. Lincoln Seen and Heard. Lawrence: UP of Kansas, 2000.
Jaffa, Harry V. Crisis of the House Divided: An Interpretation of the Issues in the Lincoln-Douglas Debates. Rev. ed. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1999.
---. A New Birth of Freedom: Abraham Lincoln and the Coming of the Civil War. New York: Rowman and Littlefield, 2000.
Hurt, James. "All the Living and the Dead: Lincoln's Imagery." American Literature 52 (1980): 351-380.
Leff, Michael C. "Dimensions of Temporality in Lincoln's Second Inaugural." Communication Reports 1 (1988): 26-31.
---. "Textual Criticism: The Legacy of G. P. Mohrmann." Quarterly Journal of Speech 72 (1986): 386-387

Leff, Michael C., and Gerald P. Mohrmann.

"Lincoln at Cooper Union: A Rhetorical Analysis of the Text." Quarterly Journal of Speech 60 (1974): 346–358.

Lincoln, Abraham. The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln. 9 vols. with supplements, 1832-1865. Ed. Roy P. Basler. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP, 1953-55, 1974.
Linkugel, Wil A. "Lincoln, Kansas, and Cooper Union." Speech Monographs 37 (1970): 172-179.
McPherson, James M. Abraham Lincoln and the Second American Revolution. New York: Oxford UP, 1990.
---. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War. New York: Oxford UP, 1997.
Miller, Randall M., Harry S. Stout, and Charles Regan Wilson, eds. Religion and the American Civil War. New York: Oxford UP, 1998.

Mohrmann, Gerald P., and Michael C. Leff.

"Lincoln at Cooper Union: A Rationale for Neo-Classical Criticism." Quarterly Journal of Speech 60 (1974): 459–467.

Nichols, Marie Hochmuth. "Lincoln's First Inaugural." American Speeches. Ed. Wayland Maxfield Parrish and Marie Hochmuth Nichols. New York: David McKay, 1954. 60-100.
Niebuhr, Reinhold. "The Religion of Abraham Lincoln." Christian Century 10 Feb. 1965: 172-175.
Oates, Stephen B. With Malice toward None: The Life of Abraham Lincoln. New York: Harper & Row, 1977.
Parrillo, Nicholas. "Lincoln's Calvinist Transformation: Emancipation and War." Civil War History 46 (2000): 227-253.
Peterson, Merrill D. Lincoln in American Memory. New York: Oxford UP, 1994.

Reid, Ronald F.

"Newspaper Response to the Gettysburg Addresses." Quarterly Journal of Speech 54 (1967): 50–60.

Slagell, Amy R. "Anatomy of a Masterpiece: A Close Textual Analysis of Abraham Lincon's Second Inaugural Address." Communication Studies 42 (1991): 155-171.
Selzer, Linda. "Historicizing Lincoln: Garry Wills and the Canonization of the 'Gettysburg Address'." Rhetoric Review 16 (1997): 120-137.
Smith, R. Franklin. "A Night at Cooper Union." Central States Speech Journal 13 (1962): 270-275.
Solomon, Martha. "'With Firmness in the Right': The Creation of Moral Hegemony in Lincoln's Second Inaugural." Communication Reports 1 (1988): 32-37.
Sweet, Timothy. Traces of War: Poetry, Photography, and the Crisis of Union. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, UP, 1990.
Vorenberg, Michael. Final Freedom: The Civil War, the Abolition of Slavery, and the Thirteenth Amendment. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2001.
Watson, Martha. "Ordeal by Fire: The Transformative Rhetoric of Abraham Lincoln. Rhetoric and Public Affairs 3 (2000): 33-48.
White, Ronald C. Lincoln's Greatest Speech: The Second Inaugural. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2002.
Wiley, Earl W. "Abraham Lincoln: His Emergence as the Voice of the People." A History and Criticism of American Public Address. Ed. William Norwood Brigance. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1943. 859-877.

Wills, Garry

Lincoln at Gettysburg: The Words That Remade America. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1992.

Wilson, Douglas L. Honor's Voice: The Transformation of Abraham Lincoln. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1998.
Wilson, Douglas L., and Rodney O. Davis, eds. Herndon's Informants: Letters, Interviews, and Statements about Abraham Lincoln. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1998.
Zarefsky, David.   "Approaching Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address." Communication Reports 1 (1988): 9-13.
---. "Causal Argument Among Historians: The Case of the Americal Civil War." Southern Speech Communication Journal 45 (1979): 187-205.


Lincoln, Douglas, and Slavery: In the Crucible of Public Debate. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1990.