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Reconstruction, Civil Rights and Jim Crow:
A Rhetorical Bibliography From the Civil War to WWII

Braden, Waldo W., and Harold Mixon. "Epideictic Speaking in the Post-Civil War South and the Southern Experience." Southern Communication Journal 54 (1988): 40-57.
Campbell, J. Louis. "John Hampden Chamberlayne and the Rhetoric of Southern Histories." Southern Communication Journal 58 (1992): 44-54.
Carcasson, Martin, and James Arnt Aune. "Klansman on the Court: Justice Hugo Black's 1937 Radio Address." Quarterly Journal of Speech 89 (2003): 154-170.
Carpenter, Ronald H. "On American History Textbooks and Integration in the South: Woodrow Wilson and the Rhetoric of 'Division and Reunion, 1829-1889'." Southern Speech Communication Journal 51 (1985): 1-23.
Cronin, Mary M. Mixing Protest and Accomodation: The Response of Oklahoma's Black Town Newspaper Editors to Race Relations, 1891-1918. American Journalism 19 (2002): 45- .
DeSantis, Alan D. "Selling the American Dream Myth to Black Southerners: The Chicago Defender and the Great Migration of 1915-1919." Western Journal of Communication 62 (1998): 474-511.
Digby-Junger, Richard. "The Guardian, Crisis, Messenger, and Negro World: The Early-20th-Century Black Radical Press." Howard Journal of Communications 9 1998): 263-282.
Domke, David. "The Press and 'Delusive Theories of Equality and Fraternity' in the Age of Emancipation." Critical Studies in Mass Communication 13 (1996): 228 - 250.
---. "The Press, Race Relations, and Social Change." Journal of Communication 51 (2001): 317-344.
Durham, Frank D. "Anti-Communism, Race, and Structuration: Newspaper Coverage of the Labor and Desegregation Movements in the South, 1932-40 and 1953-61." Journalism & Communication Monographs 4 (2002): 48-107.
Fleming, Thomas. Reflections on Black History. [Autobiography of Thomas Fleming, a black journalist in California since the 30's]. Columbus Free Press. http://www.freepress.org/fleming.html. 3/29/00.

Harlan, Louis R.

Booker T. Washington: The Wizard of Tuskegee. New York: Oxford University Press, 1983.

Harris, Thomas E., & Patrick C. Kennicott.

"Booker T. Washington: A Study of Conciliatory Rhetoric." Southern Communication Journal 37 (1971): 4759.

Haskins, William A.

"Rhetorical Vision of Equality: Analysis of the Rhetoric of the Southern Black Press during Reconstruction." Communication Quarterly 29 1981): 116122.

Heath, Robert L.

"A Time for Silence: Booker T. Washington in Atlanta." Quarterly Journal of Speech 64 (1978): 385399.

Hine, Darlene Clark, ed.

Ida B. Wells-Barnett: An Exploratory Study of an American Black Woman, 1893-1930. Black Women in United States History. Brooklyn: Carlson Publishing Inc, 1990.

King, Andrew A.

"Booker T. Washington and the Myth of Heroic Materialism." Quarterly Journal of Speech 60 (1974): 323327.

Lewis, William, and John Louis Lucaites. "Race Trials: The Rhetoric of Victimage in the Racial Consciousness of 1930s America." Argument in a Time of Change: Proceedings of the National Communication Association/American Forensic Association (Alta Conference on Argumentation), 1997. 269-274.
Logue, Cal M. "The Rhetorical Appeals of Whites to Blacks during Reconstruction." Communication Monographs 54 (1977): 241-251.
---. "Rhetorical Ridicule of Reconstruction Blacks." Quarterly Journal of Speech 62 (1976): 400-409.

Logue, Cal M., and Thurmon Garner.

"Shifts in Rhetorical Status of Blacks after Freedom."Southern Communication Journal 54 (1988): 139.

McGee, Brian R. "Speaking about the Other: W. E. B. DuBois Responds to the Klan." Southern Communication Journal 63 (1998): 208-219.
---. "Thomas Dixon's The Clansman: Radicals, Reactionaries, and the Anticipated Utopia." Southern Communication Journal 65 (2000:, 300-317.
Meckiffe, Donald, and Matthew Murray. "Radio and the Black Soldier during World War II." Critical Studies in Mass Communication 15 (1998): 337-356.
Powell, Kimberly A. "United in Gender, Divided by Race: Reconstruction of Issue and Identity by the Association of Southern Women for the Prevention of Lynching." Communication Studies 46 (1995): 34-44.

Ware, B. L., and Wil A. Linkugel.

"The Rhetorical Persona: Marcus Garvey as Black Moses." Communication Monographs 49 (1982): 5062.

Watts, Eric King. "African American Ethos and Hermeneutical Rhetoric: An Exploration of Alain Locke's The New Negro." Quarterly Journal of Speech 88 (2002): 19-32.
---. "Cultivating a Black Public Voice: W. E. B. Du Bois and the 'Criteria of Negro Art'." Rhetoric and Public Affairs 4 (2001): 181-201.
Wells, Susan. "Discursive Mobility and Double Consciousness in S. Weir Mitchell and W. E. B. Du Bois." Philosophy & Rhetoric 35 (2002): 120-137.
Wilson, Kirt H. "The Contested Space of Prudence in the 1874-1875 Civil Rights Debate." Quarterly Journal of Speech 84 (1998): 131-149.
---. "The Racial Politics of Imitation in the Nineteenth Century." Quarterly Journal of Speech 89 (2003): 90-108.
---. The Reconstruction Desegregation Debate: The Policies of Equality and the Rhetoric of Place, 1870-1875. East Lansing: Michigan State UP, 2002.
---. "Toward a Discursive Theory of Racial Identity: The Souls of Black Folk as a Response to Nineteenth-Century Biological Determinism." Western Journal of Communication 63 (1999): 193-215.