[OPE-L] Muslim influence on the West

From: Paul Zarembka (zarembka@BUFFALO.EDU)
Date: Sat Mar 11 2006 - 08:26:02 EST

For a change of pace, check out today's article from THE INDEPENDENT, "How
Islamic inventors changed the world":


For example, "the technique of inoculation was not invented by Jenner and
Pasteur but was devised in the Muslim world and brought to Europe from
Turkey by the wife of the English ambassador to Istanbul in 1724. Children
in Turkey were vaccinated with cowpox to fight the deadly smallpox at
least 50 years before the West discovered it."

Also, "Ali ibn Nafi, known by his nickname of Ziryab (Blackbird) came from
Iraq to Cordoba in the 9th century and brought with him the concept of the
three-course meal - soup, followed by fish or meat, then fruit and nuts.
He also introduced crystal glasses (which had been invented after
experiments with rock crystal by Abbas ibn Firnas)."

and, "the modern cheque comes from the Arabic saqq, a written vow to pay
for goods when they were delivered, to avoid money having to be
transported across dangerous terrain. In the 9th century, a Muslim
businessman could cash a cheque in China drawn on his bank in Baghdad."

See also the link to

For example, "Long before Copernicus

"Did you know that long before Copernicus astronomer Ibn Al-Shatir in the
13th century figure out that despite appearances the earth revolved around
the sun. It remains controversial whether Copernicus was directly
influenced by al-Shatir's work. The idea of the movement of the planets is
attributed to Kepler and Copernicus while not crediting the contribution
of Ibn Al-Shatir. The fact is though the maths by Ibn al-Shatir are
identical to those of Copernicus."

Paul Z.

THE HIDDEN HISTORY OF 9-11-2001, forthcoming in April 2006
RESEARCH IN POLITICAL ECONOMY,  Paul Zarembka, editor,  Elsevier Science
********************* http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/PZarembka

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